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К 2022 году искусственное мясо будет стоить дешевле обычного

На страницах нашего портала мы уже неоднократно писали вам о том, что ученые вовсю создают и даже успешно продают искусственное мясо. Не так давно к этой «мясной гонке» подключились и наши соотечественники. Об этом мы тоже сообщали, так что если вдруг пропустили данную новость, то подписывайтесь на нас в Телеграм, чтобы быть в курсе событий. При этом у разного рода искусственного мяса пока что есть одна проблема — оно все еще дороже настоящего. Но всего через 2,5-3 года все может поменяться, ведь специалисты по созданию этого продукта нашли способ удешевить производство не в ущерб качеству.

К 2022 году искусственное мясо будет стоить дешевле обычного

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Похоже, что искусственное мясо — это не просто новый тренд. Это будущее пищевой промышленности

Как сделать дешевое искусственное мясо?

О том, как этого удалось добиться, в интервью изданию TechCrunch рассказал один из основателей компании Future Meat Technologies Яков Намиас. Если попытаться описать структуру любого мяса простыми словами (будь то настоящее мясо или искусственное), то в его составе мы имеем 2 компонента — мышечные волокна и жировые клетки. Именно их верное соотношение и расположение друг относительно друга и позволяет, грубо говоря, «мясу быть мясом». Future Meat Technologies для того, чтобы получить 2 вида клеток для создания этих компонентов, используют недифференцированные фибробласты — предшественники клеток мышечной и жировой тканей. Их выращивают в специальных биореакторах. Но не стоит бояться этого слова. С реакторами ядерного производства тут нет ничего общего. По факту — это просто емкости с идеальными условиями для развития клеток.

Читайте также: Искусственное мясо все ближе. Теперь курицу могут создавать из гороха

Основной компонент тут, как вы понимаете — это питательный раствор. При этом имеется в выращивании клеток в биореакторах одна довольно существенная проблема. Какие бы идеальные условия в них не создавались, со временем в клетках вне организма в любом случае будут накапливаться токсины, так как природная «система отвода» токсинов отсутствует. Точнее отсутствовала до сегодняшнего дня.

У нас есть специальный раствор для удаления токсинов из питательной среды и самих клеток, что и позволяет им продолжать расти и развиваться, — говорит господин Намиас. — По сути, это новый вид биореактора с выходом конечного продукта в несколько раз выше, чем сейчас. То есть на каждый литр питательной среды иp клеток мы получаем 800 граммов биомассы. Сейчас этот показатель равняется 100 граммам при тех же исходных условиях.

К 2022 году искусственное мясо будет стоить дешевле обычного

Биореакторы для производства искусственного мяса

Другой немаловажный фактор — это то, что биореакторы довольно компакты. В одном таком реакторе размером с промышленный холодильник всего за пару недель можно вырастить половину тонны мяса и жира. А за месяц — эквивалентное количество мяса, что дают две взрослые коровы. А вы пробовали искусственное мясо? Или может хотели бы попробовать? Поделитесь своим мнением в комментариях и в нашем чате в Телеграм.

Представьте: вы выращиваете мясо или жир определенного вида животных. И в реакторе размером с большой грузовик вы имеете все, что нужно для, того, чтобы заменить мясокомбинат. А таких грузовиков могут быть тысячи.

Директор Future Meat говорит, что полноценный выход на рынок запланирован на 2022 год. А стоимость изготовления фунта мясной биомассы (это чуть больше 450 граммов) будет находиться в районе 10 долларов США. И это дешевле, чем стоит сегодня килограмм говядины на американском рынке.

Источник: news-ria.ru

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