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Космические корабли и спутники получат новые «габаритные огни» для безопасной стыковки

Сегодня успешной стыковкой космических кораблей уже никого не удивить — благодаря используемым еще со времен программы «Аполлон» мигающим огням на поверхности аппаратов, все происходит довольно быстро и с большой точностью. Однако, у ученых есть все возможности для создания более дешевого и экономичного аналога. Например, Европейское космическое агенство ESA предлагает оснащать аппараты инфракрасными и фосфоресцентными «габаритными огнями», которые отвечают всем современным требованиям.

Космические корабли и спутники получат новые «габаритные огни» для безопасной стыковки

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Маркеры, которые уже получили официальное название PEMSUN, планируется наносить прямо на корпуса космических аппаратов. Исследователи уверены, что благодаря им аппараты станут более видимыми, и смогут распознавать расстояние и направление друг друга. Европейское космическое агенство настроено вполне серьезно — новый тип навигационных маркеров уже прошел испытания внутри специального стыковочного симулятора в марте 2019 года. Возможно, в ближайшем будущем начнутся испытания на орбите Земли.

Космических миссий с каждым годом становится все больше, поэтому новая технология придется очень кстати. Количество космических аппаратов может резко возрасти, и все они будут нуждаться в едином стандарте для обозначения их габаритов и расположения стыковочных узлов. По словам сотрудника ESA Себастьяна Перро, новые маркеры будут особенно полезны во время затмений, когда Земля заслоняет Солнце. В такие моменты одному из аппаратов необходимо сохранять свою позицию, и огоньки второго аппарата послужат ему отличным ориентиром.

В истории есть сразу несколько случаев неудачной стыковки космических аппаратов. Об одном из них можно почитать в нашем материале про трагические истории, произошедшие в космосе.

Если вам интересны новости науки и технологий, обязательно подпишитесь на наш канал в Яндекс.Дзен. Там вы найдете материалы, которые не были опубликованы на сайте!

Источник: news-ria.ru

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