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Ученые приблизились к созданию жидкого «Терминатора»

Наверняка, при просмотре фильма «Терминатор 2: Судный день», практический каждый зритель был восхищен киборгом T-1000 из жидкого металла. На данный момент создание такого робота, разумеется, невозможно, но ученые медленно двигаются к этой цели. Например, исследователям из Американского химического сообщества удалось создать жидкий металл, которым можно управлять при помощи магнитного поля. Это можно считать небольшим, но крайне важным шагом, потому что это первый случай, когда материалом удалось двигать не только по горизонтали, но и вертикали.

Ученые приблизились к созданию жидкого «Терминатора»

Если в будущем и будут созданы жидкие роботы, то они наверняка будут сделаны из галлия или других металлов, которые плавятся при комнатной температуре. Помимо этого свойства, они обладают и другими особенностями вроде высокой проводимости и беспредельной гибкости. Жидким металлом можно двигать при помощи магнитов — главное, чтобы в сплав были добавлены частицы никеля или железа.

Ученые приблизились к созданию жидкого «Терминатора»

К сожалению, из-за высокого поверхностного натяжения, намагничиваемым жидким металлом можно было двигать только по горизонтали и только внутри какой-либо жидкости. Но исследователи нашли способ двигать им даже по вертикали. Они уменьшили натяжение, создав жидкий сплав из галлия, железа, индия и олова — при погружении в соляную кислоту, на поверхности материала образовался слой оксида галлия, который и повлиял на поверхностное натяжение.

Ученые приблизились к созданию жидкого «Терминатора»

Приложив магнит в противоположных сторонах, исследователи добились того, что материал растянулся по вертикали. Это значит, что им можно двигать даже в трехмерном пространстве, а не только в плоскости, как раньше. Новый сплав пока не готов для использования в жидких роботах — до этого ученым еще далеко. Однако новое открытие хоть немного, но приблизило ученых к созданию нового вида роботов.

Как вы считаете, в каком году человечество создаст жидкого робота? Впечатлил ли вас киборг T-1000 из второго «Терминатора»? Свое предположение и ответ можно написать в комментариях, или же в нашем Telegram-чате.

Источник: hi-news.ru

48 комментариев

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