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Аппарат «Кьюриосити» изучил глиняную поверхность Марса и нашел признаки воды

В апреле 2019 года аппарат «Кьюриосити» успешно пробурил на поверхности Марса два отверстия: одно было сделано на небольшой скале под названием «Aberlady», а второе — в области «Kilmarie». Эти зоны интересовали руководителей миссии еще до момента ее запуска, потому что на них есть огромное количество глины, которая образуется при наличии воды. Аппарат наконец-то изучил состав глиняной поверхности Марса и нашел признаки того, что когда-то на планете существовали океаны — кто знает, может жизнь на этой планете все-таки есть?

Аппарат «Кьюриосити» изучил глиняную поверхность Марса и нашел признаки воды

О наличии глины космическое агентство NASA узнало за несколько лет до начала миссии «Кьюриосити» — открытие было сделано благодаря межпланетной станции Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Обнаружение этой особенности и стало главным фактором при выборе места для посадки. Достигнув этих областей, аппарат пробурил в них отверстия — к удивлению исследователей, для этого марсоходу не потребовалось прилагать большие усилия.

Вода на Марсе действительно может быть

Образцы глины были обнаружены и на других местах Красной планеты, но в этих двух областях она имеет другой состав. В частности, речь идет о максимальном количестве глинистых минералов — поверхность других мест планеты не могла похвастаться их обилием. Также аппарат обнаружил, что в новых образцах содержится очень мало минерала оксида железа, гематита, тогда как в других глиняных отложениях его было довольно много. Возможно, аппарату было легко бурить отверстия именно благодаря иному составу глины.

Аппарат «Кьюриосити» изучил глиняную поверхность Марса и нашел признаки воды

Исследователи объявили, что новое открытие подтверждает гипотезу о том, что когда-то на месте исследований «Кьюриосити» находилось озеро. Первые подозрения у ученых возникли еще в 2012 году, когда марсоход нашел следы высохших русел ручьев.

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Источник: hi-news.ru

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