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Симптомы перед внезапной остановкой сердца

Специалисты провели анализ данных Финского генетического исследования аритмических событий и пришли к выводу, что смерть из-за внезапной остановки сердца нередко связана с так называемыми тихими сердечными приступами. Они происходят в раннем возрасте и часто остаются незамеченными самими пациентами. Свои выводы ученые изложили в журнале JAMA Cardiology.

Симптомы перед внезапной остановкой сердца

Ученые проанализировали медицинские данные 5869 жителей Северной Финляндии, умерших от остановки сердца между 1998 и 2017 годами. Результаты показали, что 1322 человек были обнаружены рубцы на сердце, указывающие на сердечные приступы, произошедшие задолго до внезапной остановки сердца и смерти человека.

Исследователи отмечают, что люди даже не заметили этих сердечных приступов и поэтому не обращались к врачам. Они были уверены, что с их здоровьем все в порядке.

Исследователи говорят, что очень важно не пропускать такие приступы. Основными симптомами при таких тихих сердечных приступах ученые называют тошноту, чрезмерную потливость, расстройство желудка, онемение рук и ног, мышечную боль, внезапную усталость, а также неприятные ощущения в области груди.

Врачи напоминают, что основными факторами, повышающими возможность сердечного приступа, являются:

  • Жирная пища
  • Курение, злоупотребление алкоголем;
  • Ожирение;
  • Отсутствие физических нагрузок или их чрезмерное наличие;
  • Наличие гипертонии;
  • Сахарный диабет;
  • Стрессы

Статистика смертности от заболеваний, связанных с сердечно-сосудистой системой

Главной причиной смертности среди населения России являются болезни сердечно-сосудистой системы. Каждый час в результате инфаркта умирает в среднем 7 человек. В России смертность от болезней системы кровообращения в целом выше, чем в других странах. До 70 процентов случаев с диагнозом инфаркт – это люди старше 55 лет. Однако последние годы нередко наблюдаются случаи, когда болезнь сердца диагностируется у молодых людей в возрасте от 30-35 лет.

Читайте также: Сердце человека можно научить работать без кислорода

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Источник: hi-news.ru

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