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В 2100 году на Земле будет 2 миллиарда беженцев — из-за подъема уровня воды

В 2100 году 2 миллиарда человек — около одной пятой населения мира — могут стать беженцами из-за повышения уровня океана. Те, кто некогда жил на береговых линиях, столкнутся с трудностями перемещения и переселения в поисках обитаемых мест подальше от моря.

«У нас будет больше людей и меньше территорий, быстрее, чем мы думаем», говорит автор работы на эту тему Чарльз Гейслер, почетный профессор социологии развития в Корнелльском университете.

В 2100 году на Земле будет 2 миллиарда беженцев — из-за подъема уровня воды

«Будущее повышение мирового среднего уровня моря, вероятно, будет резким. Но мало кто из политиков оценивает существенные препятствия на пути климатических беженцев в прибрежной зоне, которые попытаются мигрировать на более высокую почву».

Что будет с Землей в 2100 году?

Ожидается, что к 2050 году численность населения Земли возрастет до 9 миллиардов человек, а к 2100 году — до 11 миллиардов. Для питания этого населения потребуется больше пахотных земель, поскольку расширяющиеся океаны поглотят плодородные прибрежные зоны и дельты рек, заставляя людей искать новые места для проживания.

«Столкновение сил человеческой плодовитости, затопления прибрежных зон, бегства из жилых районов и проблем с переселением во внутренние земли станет огромной проблемой. По нашим оценкам земли не смогут поддержать новые волны климатических беженцев из-за остаточных войн, истощения природных ресурсов, снижения чистой первичной продуктивности, опустынивания, разрастания городов, концентрации земель, прокладки дорог и хранения парниковых газов», говорит Гейслер.

Ученые приводят в пример возможные решения и упреждающие адаптации в таких местах, как Флорида и Китай, где координируется политика прибрежного и внутреннего землепользования в ожидании вызванных погодой перемещений населения.

Что, по-вашему мнению, будет происходить в это время в России? Расскажите в нашем чате в Телеграме.

Источник: hi-news.ru

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